Environmental Guidelines for Industries

In order to help the concerned authorities and the entrepreneurs,it is necessary to frame certain broad guidelines for siting an industry.It is also necessary to identify the parameters that should be taken into account while setting up an industry.With this in view,the following environmental guidelines are recommended for siting of Industries to ensure optimum use of natural and man-made resources in sustainable manner with minimal depletion,degradation and/or destruction of environment.Those are in addition to those directives that are already in existence under the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act.


In siting industries,care should be taken to minimise the adverse impact of the industries on the immediate neighbourhood as well as distant places.Some of the natural life sustaining systems and some specific land uses are sensitive to industrial impacts because of the nature and extent of fragility.With a view to protecting such an industrial sites shall maintain the following distances from the areas listed:

Pre - requisite: State and Central Governments are required to identify such areas on a priority basis.

Ecological and/or otherwise sensitive areas include (i)Religious and Historic Places; (ii)Archaeological Monuments (e.g. identified zone around Taj Mahal); (iii)Scenic Areas; (iv)Hill Resorts; (v)Beach Resorts; (vi)Health Resorts; (vii)Coastal Areas rich in Coral,Mangroves,Breeding Grounds of Specific Species; (viii)Estuaries rich in Mangroves,Breeding Ground of Specific Species; (ix)Gulf Areas; (x)Biosphere Reserves; (xi)National Parks and Sanctuaries; (xii)Natural Lakes,Swamps; (xiii)Seismic Zones; (xiv)Tribal Settlements; (xv)Areas of Scientific and Geological interest; (xvi)Defence Installations,specially those of security importance and sensitive to pollution; (xvii)Border Areas (International) and (xviii)Airports.


Economic and social factors are recognized and assessed while siting an industry. Environmental factors must be taken into consideration in industrial siting. Proximity of water sources,highway,major settlements,markets for products and raw material resources is desired for economy of production,but all the above listed systems must be away for environmental protection.Industries are, therefore, required to be sited,striking a balance between economic and environmental considerations.In such a selected site,the following factors must be recognized.

Siting Guidelines for Industries
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Management Plan

For further information, please contact :

Government of India
Ministry of Environment & Forests
Environmental Impact Assessment Division
Paryawaran Bhawan, CGO Complex
Lodi Road, NEW DELHI - 110 003 INDIA
E-Mail :secy@envfor.delhi.nic.in