Forest Conservation

The Forest (Conservation) Act,1980 as amended from time to time checks the indiscriminate diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes.The State Government/Union Territories are required to submit formal proposals to the Central Government (Ministry of Environment and Forests) for diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes in the prescribed proforma alongwith details such as flora,fauna,map of the area,compensatory afforestation proposed etc.As the Government of Indid does not favour the diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes ,clearances under the forest act are very difficult to obtain.the rare exceptions carry stipulations for compensatory affoirestation and the like as laid down in the Act and the National Forest Policy, 1988.Therefore, as far as possible,non-forest land should be selected for projects.

As per the ammended Forest (Conservation) Rules in force now,the Regional Chief Conservator of Forests have the powers to decide proposals involving forest land upto 5 hectares.Proposals involving forest land between 5 - 20 hectares shall be processed by the Regional Chief Consrvatorin consultation with a State Advisory Group consisting of representatives of the concerned State Government.Proposals involving more than 20 ha. of forest land are required to be placed before the Advisory Committee constituted by the MoEF.
(Please see flow chart)

Some important guidelines laid down in Forest (Conservation) Act and Rules for diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes:

These guidelines ensure that ecological considerations are in no way undermined whilre examining investment proposals.The State Government or the Union Territory Adminstration concerned is required to envisage the initial stage itself,the different likely impacts of the proposed project,starting with the proposed site.The guidelines specify certain criteria for the siting of an industry,ehich state that no projects should be in the vicinity of:(Siting Guidelines for Industries)

Other important points are:

Submission of Proposals involving Diversion of Forest Land

For further information, please contact :
Government of India
Ministry of Environment & Forests
Forest Conservation Division
Paryawaran Bhawan, CGO Complex
Lodi Road, NEW DELHI - 110 003 INDIA
Fax # 91-11-4360678